There are some people in our surroundings who like to speak less as compared to others but alogia is a different kind of psychological disorder that involves speech and which can be related to the problems concerning the central nervous system. Alogia comes from a Greek word, the meaning of which is “without speech”. If we break the words it will be like: “a” means without and “logos” means speech. Another synonym that we use for alogia is the poverty of speech. In this condition, the patient speaks in very short sentences or you can say words.
What is Alogia?
Alogia is a psychological disorder in which the patient is unable to speak or he/ she may feel difficulty in speaking, and when the patient speaks there will not be any fluency in the sentences or he/ she will speak in short words which are considered to be poverty of speech. There is another term “Aphasia”, which is similar to alogia, which means loss of ability to speak and inability to understand the spoken words. But alogia is a pathological condition that occurs in many diseases or injuries that occur to the central nervous system. Alogia can occur because of dementia and/ or mental retardation.
What Are The Causes of Alogia?
Alogia can occur because of the primary symptoms of anxiety and psychotic illness. People suffering from a psychotic illness, tend to have delusions and hallucinations. This can be the reason that patient may be having delusions that are telling him/ her not to speak.
Alogia can also appear without any underlying mental illness. The main cause can be the loss of connections between the brain of the different parts. Such as if there is a loss of connection between the thought processing center and speaking center of the brain, then the patient will not be able to convert his/ her thoughts into words, which will lead to alogia ( poverty in speech).
It is believed that defects in the central nervous system can also lead to alogia. Such as dementia and other defects that destroy the long-term memory and the dictionary of words that are saved in our brain. Dementia and memory loss can explain very well about the patient. In this condition, the patient wants to speak but doesn’t know the word through which he/ she can explain himself/ herself.
It can also appear as a secondary disease (a negative symptom of schizophrenia). If it is related to schizophrenia, it’s an early symptom of the disease and if we treat schizophrenia, alogia can be corrected on its own.
What Are The Symptoms of Alogia?
Alogia is considered to be a negative symptom and it is very common in Schizophrenic patients.
Negative Symptoms include lack of empathy, apathy, showing fewer emotions, withdrawing from the social environment, and inability to speak.
Positive Symptoms are highly exaggerated ideas and perceptions. Hallucinations and delusions come in this category of symptoms.
These are the symptoms of Alogia:
- The patients will lack the ability to spontaneously answer any question and sometimes they will fail to answer.
- Their responses will be very brief and to the point; giving short and one-word answers.
- Sometimes they will speak some words that will make no sense
- The patients will pause during the conversation many times
- The patients will not be able to respond to the questions immediately
- Slurring of speech is also seen in these patients
- Inability to correctly pronounciate the words. It means the patient will not be able to pronounciate the ends of the sentences and the consonants.
- Lack of expressions while speaking or having dull expressions
- Difficulty in converting the thoughts into words that’s why they will take a long time to respond
- The patients have trouble in finding the correct words to speaks
- Their pitch is low while speaking.
How Do I Know If I Have Alogia?
By evaluating yourself clearly and checking if some or few symptoms are present in you then you may have this disease. And in this case, you don’t have to worry just consult your doctor. The doctor will assess you, check for all the symptoms, rule out the cause and treat you according to it.
Relation of Alogia with Other Disorders
It can be related to schizophrenia. It can be present as a negative symptom of schizophrenia and can manifest early.
Other than schizophrenia, it can also be related to other psychotic illnesses such as bipolar disorder, severe depression, and schizotypal disorder.
It can also be related to traumatic dementia, brain injury, and Alzheimer’s disease. These diseases can cause problems in memory a patient will not be able to convert his thought into words because some parts of the central nervous system have been damaged by these diseases.
Alogia and Its Impacts on Your Daily Life
It can have serious impacts on your daily life. It can worsen the quality of your life. If you will be able to convey your thoughts, it can be very difficult in social gatherings then you will slowly withdraw yourself from social gatherings. But you don’t have to worry because this disorder can be treated by various therapies and you will be again normal like you were before this disease.
Treatment of Alogia
For the treatment, you need to identify the underlying cause maybe it is manifesting some other disease. To treat this disease, diagnosis is very important. The first rule out the primary cause then starts your treatment plan based on the diagnosis.
Below are some ways to treat alogia.
Therapies are related to the underlying cause, for example, if the alogia is because of schizophrenia, then we need to do social skill training. And if this is because of dementia then we will be doing speech therapy of the patient.
When it comes to treating alogia, antidepressants and second-generation antipsychotics are the best options. These drugs have their benefits but they are very harmful if we use them in the long term, they can cause serious problems in our bodies. One cannot spare oneself from its side effects.